These seminars are common with the Plume team (ENS Lyon) and are held in the seminar room, second floor of the building Le Chablais, on the Bourget-du-lac (Savoy) site or at ENS Lyon.

Next seminar:

Thursday 21st June 2018 at 10h Luc Pellissier (LIPN),
Entropy and Complexity Lower Bounds

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Finding lower bounds in complexity theory has proven to be an extremely difficult task. We analyze three proofs of lower bounds that use heavy techniques from algebraic geometry through the lense of dynamical systems. Interpreting programs as graphings – generalizations of dynamical systems that model Girard's Geometry of Interaction, we show that the three proofs share the same structure and use algebraic geometry to give a bound on the topological entropy of the system representing the program. This work, joint with Thomas Seiller, aims at proposing Geometry of Interaction derived methods to study dynamical properties of models of computation beyond Curry-Howard.

The seminar of the team LIMD is under the responsibility of Sebastien Tavenas.
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Other years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, all years together.

Year 2018

Thursday 21st June 2018 at 10h Luc Pellissier (LIPN),
Entropy and Complexity Lower Bounds

Abstract: (Hide abstracts)
Finding lower bounds in complexity theory has proven to be an extremely difficult task. We analyze three proofs of lower bounds that use heavy techniques from algebraic geometry through the lense of dynamical systems. Interpreting programs as graphings – generalizations of dynamical systems that model Girard's Geometry of Interaction, we show that the three proofs share the same structure and use algebraic geometry to give a bound on the topological entropy of the system representing the program. This work, joint with Thomas Seiller, aims at proposing Geometry of Interaction derived methods to study dynamical properties of models of computation beyond Curry-Howard.

Thursday 14th June 2018 at 10h Henning Basold (ENS Lyon),
Breaking the Loop: Recursive Proofs for Coinductive Predicates

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In this talk, I present a framework for recursive proofs of coinductive predicates, which are defined via functor liftings to fibrations. This framework is based on the so-called later modality and Löb-induction. Intuitively, the role of the later modality is thereby to control the use of coinduction hypotheses. Since the framework works on certain fibrations, it can be instantiated in very diverse situation like, for instance, set-based predicates and relations, quantitative predicates and relations, syntactic first-order logic, or dependent type theory. Apart from showing the underlying technical constructions of the framework, I will demonstrate how it can be used in those examples. Moreover, I will briefly talk about some recent progress, in collaboration with Katya Komendantskaya and Yue Li, in the direction of automatic proof search for this framework.

Thursday 31st May 2018 at 14h Pierre Cagne (Institut de Recherche en Informatique Fondamentale (Équipe PPS - Paris Diderot)),
Bifibrations de Quillen, quand la dépendence rencontre l'homotopie

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Je commencerai par une introduction basique aux différents outils utilisés dans mon domaine de recherche, à savoir la théorie des catégories, l'algèbre homotopique à la Quillen et l'interprétation de la logique à la Lawvere. Aucune connaissance n'est prérequise et je m'appuierai sur des analogies algébriques accessibles à tous mathématiciens (monoides, groupes, etc.) et sur des exemples pertinents en regard des thématiques du LIMD. Une fois ces notions introduites, je présenterai le résultat central de travaux récents effectués avec Paul-André Melliès : étant donnée une bifibration E-->B où la base et les fibres sont équipées de structures de catégories de modèles, quelles sont les conditions pour recoller ces dernières en une structure de catégorie de modèles sur la catégorie totale E ? J'essaierai enfin d'expliquer les motivations de ces travaux qui trouvent leur origine à la fois dans la théorie de l'homotopie catégorique et dans la sémantique de la théorie des types dépendents.

Thursday 24th May 2018 at 10h Tom Hirschowitz (LAMA Chambéry),
Familial monads and structural operational semantics

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Structural operational semantics is a family of syntactic formats for specifying the operational semantics of programming languages, in the form of a labelled transition system. Fiore and his collaborators have proposed an abstract framework for structural operational semantics based on bialgebras, in which they managed to prove that bisimilarity is a congruence. However, their framework does not scale well to languages with variable binding. We give an abstract account of structural operational semantics based on Weber's parametric right adjoint monads, which encompasses variable binding. On the example of pi-calculus, the key idea is that, while Fiore models the syntax through a monad on a certain presheaf category, we use a subtly different presheaf category inspired by our previous work on sheaf models for concurrent languages. The crucial consequence is that the relevant monad is a parametric right adjoint. This yields a very simple proof of congruence of bisimilarity.

Thursday 17th May 2018 at 10h Séminaire Chocola (ENS Lyon),
TBA

Thursday 19th April 2018 at 10h Arpita Korwar (Université Paris 7),
Computational complexity of polynomial factorization - a survey

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The ring of multivariate polynomials F[x_1, x_2, ..., x_n] is a unique factorization domain. We consider the following problem: ``Is there an 'efficient' algorithm that outputs a non-trivial factor of the given input polynomial''. This question has applications in algebraic complexity, for example, in proving the connection between polynomial identity testing (PIT) and lower bounds. In this talk, we will consider the closure of various classes of polynomial families under factorization. [Kaltofen86-90] studied this problem for VP. A slew of work in the recent years has brought it back into the limelight: [DSY09] studied circuits of small depth and factors of a special form, [Oliveria16] studied formulas of small depth, [DSS18] studied ABPs and formulas, [CKS18] studied the polynomial class VNP. We will take a look at these algorithms and state some open problems in the area.

Thursday 12th April 2018 at 10h Séminaire Chocola (ENS Lyon),
TBA

Thursday 29th March 2018 at 09h Maxime Lucas (Nantes),
Réécriture de dimension supérieur et catégories cubiques

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La réécriture de dimension supérieure a pour origine des travaux de Squier sur le problème du mot dans les monoïdes. A partir d'une présentation d'un monoïde, Squier a pu calculer en basse dimension des invariants homotopiques de ce monoïde. Depuis, elle a été adaptée à d'autres structures, et en particulier aux PRO, où elle permet de prouver des théorèmes de cohérence comme celui de MacLane pour les catégories monoïdales. Par ailleurs, dans le cas des monoïdes, les constructions de réécriture ont été étendues en dimension supérieure. Au cours de cet exposé, je montrerai comment il est possible d'unifier ces théories de réécriture dans diverses structures. En particulier, ceci permet de réinterpréter les constructions effectuées en réécriture en termes homotopiques. Cette réinterprétation s'appuie en particulier sur la notion de omega-catégorie cubique et sur le produit de Gray.

Thursday 22nd March 2018 at 10h Oleg Karpenkov (Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool),
Global relations for toric singularities

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In this talk we will discuss a link between geometry of continued fractions and global relations for singularities of complex projective toric surfaces. The results are based on recent development of lattice trigonometric functions that are invariant with respect to Aff(2,Z)-group action.

Wednesday 21st March 2018 at 10h Buket Eren (Galatasaray University, Istambul, Turquie.),
Autour de l'équation de Markov

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Les nombres de Markov sont des entiers positifs qui apparaissent dans les triplets de solutions de l’équation diophantienne, x^2+y^2+z^2 = 3xyz, appelée l’équation de Markov. Il est possible de trouver tous les solutions à partir d’un triplet par un algorithme simple. Pourtant, il y a un célèbre problème ouvert formulé par Frobenius : est-il vrai qu'étant donné un entier positif z, il existe au plus un couple (x,y) d’entiers positifs avec x < y < z tel que (x,y,z) soit une solution? Ces nombres apparaissent dans le contexte des fractions continues et de l’approximation diophantienne des nombres réels irrationnels par des nombres rationnels. Ils apparaissent aussi dans de très nombreux domaines des mathématiques comme les formes quadratiques binaires, la géométrie hyperbolique et la combinatoire des mots etc... Le but de cette exposé est de présenter une partie de la théorie de Markov qui est construite autour de l’équation de Markov et de donner la conjecture d’unicité sur les nombres de Markov. Au final, on introduira une involution des irrationnels susceptible d’être pertinente pour le sujet.

Thursday 15th March 2018 at 10h Séminaire Chocola (ENS Lyon),
TBA

Thursday 8th March 2018 at 10h Étienne Miquey (Nantes),
The algebraic structure of classical realizability models.

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Implicative algebras, developed by Alexandre Miquel, are very simple algebraic structures generalizing at the same time complete Boolean algebras and Krivine realizability algebras, in such a way that they allow to express in a same setting the theory of forcing (in the sense of Cohen) and the theory of classical realizability (in the sense of Krivine). Besides, they have the nice feature of providing a common framework for the interpretation both of types and programs. The main default of these structures is that they are deeply oriented towards the λ-calculus, and that they only allows to faithfully interpret languages in call-by-name. To remediate the situation, we introduce two variants of implicative algebras: disjunctive algebras, centered on the “par” (⅋) connective of linear logic (but in a non-linear framework) and naturally adapted to languages in call-by-name; and conjunctives algebras, centered on the “tensor” (⊗) connective of linear logic and adapted to languages in call-by-value. Amongst other properties, we will see that disjunctive algebras are particular cases of implicative algebras and that conjunctive algebras can be obtained from disjunctive algebras (by reversing the underlying order).

Wednesday 28th February 2018 at 10h Eric Goles (Engineering Faculty of the Adolfo Ibanez University, Santiago, Chile),
Dynamics and Complexity of Majority Automata: application to some discrete social models

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A Majority Automata consists of applying over the vertices of a undirected graph (with states 0’s and 1’s) an operator that chooses the most represented state among the neighbors of a vertex. This rule is applied in parallel over all the nodes of the graph. When the graph is a regular lattice ( in one or more dimensions) it is called the Majority Cellular Automata. In this seminar we will study the computational complexity of the following prediction problem: PRED: Given an initial configuration and a specific site initially at state a ( 0 or 1), is there a time step T≥1 such that this site changes state? The complexity of PRED is characterized by the possibility to find an algorithm that give the answer faster than the running of the automata simulation in a serial computer. More precisely, if we are able to determine an algorithm running in a parallel computer in polylog time (class NC). Otherwise, the problem may be P-Complete ( one of the most dificult in class P of Polynomial problems) or … worse. We will applied this kind of results to the discrete Schelling’s segregation model. Also we will present the Sakoda’s Social Discret model.

Thursday 8th February 2018 at 10h Séminaire Chocola (ENS Lyon),
TBA

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TBA

Thursday 1st February 2018 at 10h Thomas Rubiano (LIPN, Paris 13),
Implicit Computational Complexity meets Compilers

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Complexity theory helps us predict and control resources, usually time and space, consumed by programs. Static analysis on specific syntactic criterion allows us to categorize some programs. A common approach is to observe the program’s data’s behavior. For instance, the detection of non-size-increasing programs is based on a simple principle : counting memory allocation and deallocation, particularly in loops. This way, we can detect programs which compute within a constant amount of space. This method can easily be expressed as property on control flow graphs. Because analyses on data's behaviour are syntactic, they can be done at compile time. Because they are only static, those analyses are not always computable or easily computable and approximations need are needed. ``Size-Change Principle'' from C. S. Lee, N. D. Jones et A. M. Ben-Amram presented a method to predict termination by observing resources evolution and a lot of research came from this theory. Until now, these implicit complexity theories were essentially applied on more or less toy languages. This thesis applies implicit computational complexity methods into ``real life'' programs by manipulating intermediate representation languages in compilers. This give an accurate idea of the actual expressivity of these analyses and show that implicit computational complexity and compilers communities can fuel each other fruitfully. As we show in this thesis, the methods developed are quite generals and open the way to several new applications.

Thursday 25th January 2018 at 10h Youssef Fares (Amiens),
Autour de la conjecture de Poonen sur les polynômes quadratiques

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Soit c un nombre rationnel. Considérons le polynôme φ(X) = X^2 - c. On s’intéressse aux cycles de φ dans Q. Plus précisément, on s’intéresse à l’une des conjectures de Poonen selon laquelle tout cycle de φ dans Q admet une longueur au plus égale à 3. Dans notre exposé, on discutera de cette conjecture et on rappellera les résultats connus. En suite, on utilisera des moyens arithmetiques, combinatoriaux et analytiques simples pour étudier des cas particuliers de ce problème. Les outils utilisés dans cet exposé sont accessibles aux étudiants de master 2.

The seminar of the team LIMD is under the responsibility of Sebastien Tavenas.
Settings: See with increasing date . Hide abstracts
Other years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, all years together.